Multilayer Graphene with a Rippled Structure as a Spacer for Improving Plasmonic Coupling

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The plasmonic coupling, the enhanced electromagnetic field occurring through a uniform and small separation between metallic particles, is required for better application to localized surface plasmon resonance. Graphene has been studied as a good spacer candidate because of its precise controllability at subnanoscale. Here, the enhancement of plasmonic coupling among metallic nanoparticles (NPs) uniformly spread out on both sides of a graphene spacer is experimentally and simulatively investigated. Additionally, the post-evaporated flat structure is rippled along one direction to reduce the separation between nanoparticles. As the amount of rippling increases, the enhancement factor (EF) of the plasmonic coupling increases almost linearly or quadratically depending on the size of nanoparticles. Such a highly rippled nanostructure is believed to not only increase the plasmonic coupling in either side of the spacer but lead to a higher density of "hot spots" through the spacer gap also. The observed EFs of a structure with the MLG spacer are consistent with the simulation results obtained from the classical electrodynamics. On the other hand, the SLG case appears to be inconsistent with such a classical approach, indicating that the plasmon tunneling through the thin barrier is prevalent in the case of the SLG spacer.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2016-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, v.26, no.28, pp.5093 - 5101

ISSN
1616-301X
DOI
10.1002/adfm.201601850
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/213094
Appears in Collection
EE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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