Solution-Processed Ag Nanowires plus PEDOT:PSS Hybrid Electrode for Cu(ln,Ga)Se-2 Thin-Film Solar Cells

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To reduce the cost of the Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 (CIGS) solar cells while maximizing the efficiency, we report the use of an Ag nanowires (NWs) + poly(3,4-thylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT: PSS) hybrid transparent electrode, which was deposited using all-solution-processed, low-cost, scalable methods. This is the first demonstration of an Ag NWs + PEDOT: PSS transparent electrode applied to CIGS solar cells. The spin-coated 10-nm-thick PEDOT: PSS conducting polymer layer in our hybrid electrode functioned as a filler of empty space of an electrostatically sprayed Ag NW network. Coating of PEDOT: PSS on the Ag NW network resulted in an increase in the short-circuit current from 15.4 to 26.5 mA/cm(2), but the open-circuit voltage and shunt resistance still needed to be improved. The limited open-circuit voltage was found to be due to interfacial recombination that is due to the ineffective hole-blocking ability of the CdS film. To suppress the interfacial recombination between Ag NWs and the CdS film, a Zn(S,O,OH) film was introduced as a hole-blocking layer between the CdS film and Ag NW network. The open-circuit voltage of the cell sharply improved from 0.35 to 0.6 V, which resulted in the best cell efficiency of 11.6%.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2015-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

SILVER NANOWIRES; COMPOSITE ELECTRODES; SURFACE MODIFICATION; TRANSPARENT; EFFICIENCY; BUFFER; LAYER; DEPOSITION; INTERFACE; DEVICES

Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.7, no.24, pp.13557 - 13563

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/acsami.5b02989
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/199520
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)EEW-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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