Nanoforest of Hydrothermally Grown Hierarchical ZnO Nanowires for a High Efficiency Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell

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In this paper, in order to increase the power conversion efficiency we demonstrated the selective growth of "nanoforest" composed of high density, long branched "treelike" multigeneration hierarchical ZnO nanowire photoanodes. The overall light-conversion efficiency of the branched ZnO nanowire DSSCs was almost 5 times higher than the efficiency of DSSCs constructed by upstanding ZnO nanowires. The efficiency increase is due to greatly enhanced surface area for higher dye loading and light harvesting, and also due to reduced charge recombination by providing direct conduction pathways along the crystalline ZnO "nanotree" multi generation branches. We performed a parametric study to determine optimum hierarchical ZnO nanowire photoanodes through the combination of both length wise growth and branched growth processes. The novel selective hierarchical growth approach represents a low cost, all solution processed hydrothermal method that yields complex hierarchical ZnO nanowire photoanodes by utilizing a simple engineering of seed particles and capping polymer.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2011-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

FABRICATION; NANOPARTICLES; CONVERSION; NANOSHEETS; CRYSTAL; ARRAYS; FILM

Citation

NANO LETTERS, v.11, no.2, pp.666 - 671

ISSN
1530-6984
DOI
10.1021/nl1037962
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/98859
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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