Different Effect of Hydrogelation on Antifouling and Circulation Properties of Dextran-Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

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Premature recognition and clearance of nanoparticulate imaging and therapeutic agents by macrophages in the tissues can dramatically reduce both the nanoparticle half-life and delivery to the diseased tissue. Grafting nanoparticles with hydrogels prevents nanoparticulate recognition by liver and spleen macrophages and greatly prolongs circulation times in vivo. Understanding the mechanisms by which hydrogels achieve this "stealth" effect has implications for the design of long-circulating nanoparticles. Thus, the role of plasma protein absorption in the hydrogel effect is not yet understood. Short-circulating dextran-coated iron oxide nanoparticles could be converted into stealth hydrogel nanoparticles by cross-linking with 1-chloro-2,3-epoxypropane. We show that hydrogelation did not affect the size, shape and zeta potential, but completely prevented the recognition and clearance by liver macrophages in vivo. Hydrogelation decreased the number of hydroxyl groups on the nanoparticle surface and reduced the binding of the anti-dextran antibody. At the same time, hydrogelation did not reduce the absorption of cationic proteins on the nanoparticle surface. Specifically, there was no effect on the binding of kininogen, histidine-rich glycoprotein, and protamine sulfate to the anionic nanoparticle surface. In addition, hydrogelation did not prevent activation of plasma kallikrein on the metal oxide surface. These data suggest that (a) a stealth hydrogel coating does not mask charge interactions with iron oxide surface and (b) the total blockade of plasma protein absorption is not required for maintaining iron oxide nanoparticles' long-circulating stealth properties. These data illustrate a novel, clinically promising property of long-circulating stealth nanoparticles.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2012-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

MR CONTRAST AGENTS; POLYMERIC NANOPARTICLES; IN-VIVO; FERUMOXIDES; PLASMA; PHAGOCYTOSIS; BINDING; PROTEIN; PHARMACOKINETICS; BIODISTRIBUTION

Citation

MOLECULAR PHARMACEUTICS, v.9, no.3, pp.539 - 545

ISSN
1543-8384
DOI
10.1021/mp200375x
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/96251
Appears in Collection
BiS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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