Atomic structure of small Si clusters and thermodynamic properties of metals = 실리콘 집합체의 원자구조 및 금속의 열역학적 성질에 대한 연구

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We investigate the atomic structure of Si$_n$ (n = 9 - 14) clusters using the first-principles pseudopotential method within the local-density functional approximation (LDA). The equilibrium geometries of small clusters with n ≤ 12 are found to have a tendency to form capped prismatic structures. For n = 13, we find a surface-like metallic compact structure which is derived from a capped icosahedron and competes with a stable trigonal prism, while this structure is most stable for n = 14. These results are compatible with the observed stability of Si$_{13}$ and Si$_{14}$ against chemical reactions with simple molecules, as compared to nearby Sin clusters. The effect of electron-electron correlations on the energetics of isomers at n = 13 is examined through variational quantum Monte Carlo calculations, and the LDA energy ordering remains unchanged, consistent with previous diffusion quantum Monte Carlo calculations. We investigate the Hugoniot melting point of Al using a molecular-dynamics approach based on an embedded-atom method. We calculate the Gibbs free energies of the crystalline and liquid phases as a function of pressure and temperature using the coupling-constant integration method and obtain the melting curve up to 1.6 Mbar, in good agreement with experiments. We also examine the melting properties near zero pressure. The Hugoniot equation of states (EOS) up to 1.8 Mbar is obtained from the Rankine-Hugoniot relation and the isotherms determined for different temperatures. Comparing the melting curve with the Hugoniot EOS``s for the solid and liquid phases, the Hugoniot melting is found to begin at 1.2 Mbar and to end at 1.4 Mbar, consistent with shock-wave data. We investigate the shock melting of transition metals using a molecular-dynamics approach based on an embedded-atom method. Cu, Pd, and Pt are chosen as prototypes for transition metals in face-centered cubic lattice. We calculate the Gibbs free energies of the crystalline and liquid phases...
Advisors
Chang, Kee-Jooresearcher장기주researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 물리학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1999
Identifier
151529/325007 / 000955356
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 물리학과, 1999.2, [ ix, 89 p. ]

Keywords

용융곡선; 천이금속; Hugoniot 상태방정식; 충격파; 충격용융; 전자 상관효과; Icosahedron; 양자 몬테 칼로; 제일원리 쑤도포텐샬; 화학적 반응성; 실리콘 집합체; Shock melting; Shock wave; Transition metal; Hugoniot EOS; Melting curve; Electron correlations; Icosahedron; Quantum Monte Carlo; Ab initio pseudopotential; Si cluster; Chemical reactivity

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/47199
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=151529&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
PH-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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