Synthesis and light-emitting properties of electroluminescent conjugated polymers = 전기 발광 고분자의 합성 및 발광특성에 관한 연구

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Poly[o(m,p)-phenylenevinylene-alt-2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-p-phenylenevinyl- ene], o(m,p)-PMEH-PPV, and Poly[o(m,p)-phenylenevinylene-alt-2,5-bis(trimethylsilyl)-p-phenylenevinylene], o(m,p)-PBTMS-PPV were synthesized by the well-known Wittig condensation polymerization between the appropriate diphosphonium salts and the dialdehyde monomers such as terephthaldicarboxaldehyde, isophthalaldehyde, and phthalicdicarboxaldehyde. The conjugation lengths of the polymers were controlled by substituents and kink (ortho and meta) linkages. The synthesized polymers showed UV-visible absorbance and photoluminescence (PL) in the ranges of 330-430 nm and 440-550 nm, respectively. The maximum emission peak of p-PMEH-PPV was blue shifted about 30 nm compared to that of MEH-PPV, which is due to the unsubstituted phenylene unit. Also, o-PMEH-PPV and m-PMEH-PPV showed PL emission maximum peaks at 500 and 490 nm, respectively, because ortho and meta linkage of the o(m)-PMEH-PPV reduced π-conjugation lengths. The trimethylsilyl substituent has no electron donating effect, therefore the PL maximum of p-PBTMS-PPV was far more blue shifted to the 485 nm. Consequently, maximum PL wavelengths for o-PBTMS-PPV and m-PBTMS-PPV appeared around 470 and 440 nm, respectively. The single-layer light-emitting diode device was fabricated which has a simple ITO (indium-tin oxide)/polymer/Al configuration. The threshold bias of trimethylsilyl substituted o(m,p)-PBTMS-PPV was in the range of 8-9 V. As in the photoluminescence spectra, the dramatic change of emission color was also shown in electroluminescence (EL) spectra of p-PMEH-PPV, p-PBTMS-PPV, and o-PBTMS-PPV when the operating voltage was about 8-9 V. A series of silyl- and alkoxy-substituted poly(p-phenylenevinylene) related copolymers containing carbazole and fluorene groups, poly[9,9-n-dihexyl-2,7-fluorenediylvinylene-alt-2,5-bis(trimethylsilyl)-p-phenylenevinylene] (PFBTS-PPV), poly[N-ethylhexyl-3,6-carbazolevinylene-alt-2,5-bis(trim...
Advisors
Shim, Hong-Kuresearcher심홍구researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2001
Identifier
169545/325007 / 000985210
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학과, 2001.8, [ vi, 168 p. ]

Keywords

Electrouluminescence; Photloluminescence; Electroluminescent conjugated polymer; Polymer light-emitting diode device; 고분자 전기 발광 소자; 전기발광; 광발광; 전기 발광 고분자

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/31565
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=169545&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CH-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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