Low-Level Brain Somatic Mutations Are Implicated in Schizophrenia

Cited 0 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 56
  • Download : 0
Background Somatic mutations arising from the brain have recently emerged as significant contributors to neurodevelopmental disorders, including childhood intractable epilepsy and cortical malformations. However, whether brain somatic mutations are implicated in schizophrenia (SCZ) is not well established. Methods We performed deep whole exome sequencing (average read depth > 550×) of matched dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and peripheral tissues from 27 patients with SCZ and 31 age-matched control individuals, followed by comprehensive and strict analysis of somatic mutations, including mutagenesis signature, substitution patterns, and involved pathways. In particular, we explored the impact of deleterious mutations in GRIN2B through primary neural culture. Results We identified an average of 4.9 and 5.6 somatic mutations per exome per brain in patients with SCZ and control individuals, respectively. These mutations presented with average variant allele frequencies of 8.0% in patients with SCZ and 7.6% in control individuals. Although mutational profiles, such as the number and type of mutations, showed no significant difference between patients with SCZ and control individuals, somatic mutations in SCZ brains were significantly enriched for SCZ-related pathways, including dopamine receptor, glutamate receptor, and long-term potentiation pathways. Furthermore, we showed that brain somatic mutations in GRIN2B (encoding glutamate ionotropic NMDA receptor subunit 2B), which were found in two patients with SCZ, disrupted the location of GRIN2B across the surface of dendrites among primary cultured neurons. Conclusions Taken together, this study shows that brain somatic mutations are associated with the pathogenesis of SCZ.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Issue Date
2021-07
Language
English
Citation

BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY, v.90, no.1, pp.35 - 46

ISSN
0006-3223
DOI
10.1016/j.biopsych.2021.01.014
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/286088
Appears in Collection
MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0