Directing the Structural Features of N-2-Phobic Nanoporous Covalent Organic Polymers for CO2 Capture and Separation

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A family of azo-bridged covalent organic polymers (azo-COPs) was synthesized through a catalyst-free direct coupling of aromatic nitro and amine compounds under basic conditions. The azo-COPs formed 3D nanoporous networks and exhibited surface areas up to 729.6m(2)g(-1), with a CO2-uptake capacity as high as 2.55mmolg(-1) at 273K and 1bar. Azo-COPs showed remarkable CO2/N-2 selectivities (95.6-165.2) at 298K and 1bar. Unlike any other porous material, CO2/N-2 selectivities of azo-COPs increase with rising temperature. It was found that azo-COPs show less than expected affinity towards N-2 gas, thus making the framework N-2-phobic, in relative terms. Our theoretical simulations indicate that the origin of this unusual behavior is associated with the larger entropic loss of N-2 gas molecules upon their interaction with azo-groups. The effect of fused aromatic rings on the CO2/N-2 selectivity in azo-COPs is also demonstrated. Increasing the -surface area resulted in an increase in the CO2-philic nature of the framework, thus allowing us to reach a CO2/N-2 selectivity value of 307.7 at 323K and 1bar, which is the highest value reported to date. Hence, it is possible to combine the concepts of CO2-philicity and N-2-phobicity for efficient CO2 capture and separation. Isosteric heats of CO2 adsorption for azo-COPs range from 24.8-32.1kJmol(-1) at ambient pressure. Azo-COPs are stable up to 350 degrees C in air and boiling water for a week. A promising cis/trans isomerization of azo-COPs for switchable porosity is also demonstrated, making way for a gated CO2 uptake.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2014-01
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, v.20, no.3, pp.772 - 780

ISSN
0947-6539
DOI
10.1002/chem.201303493
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/188701
Appears in Collection
EEW-Journal Papers(저널논문)CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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