Release characteristics of highly pressurized hydrogen through a small hole

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A hydrogen supplying system for hydrogen fuel cell cars is anticipated to utilize highly pressurized hydrogen gas at pressures up to 700 bar. In this highly pressurized environment, large amount of hydrogen can be leaked from a relatively small hole caused by material and mechanical defects. A leaked hydrogen jet can reach very far in distance and the size of the leak plays an important role in determining the safety of hydrogen recharge facilities. This study numerically investigated the concentration distribution and the mass flux of hydrogen leaked from a highly pressurized source through a hole whose size is less than 1.0 mm. Numerical analysis was performed in axisymmetric coordinates on the assumption that the hydrogen jet has a huge Froude number and that buoyancy forces can be negligible. The predicted hydrogen concentration along the centerline of a hydrogen jet was compared with experimental data for verification of the numerical analysis and it satisfied the hyperbolic decay characteristics and matched the experiment well. The mass fluxes for the various hole lengths of this study were found to be 5%-20% less than those predicted using an isentropic flow assumption. Copyright (C) 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2013-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

DISPERSION; GAS; SIMULATION; FIELD; JETS

Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, v.38, no.8, pp.3503 - 3512

ISSN
0360-3199
DOI
10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.071
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/173922
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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