Strategies and practices for suppressing abnormal grain growth during liquid phase sintering

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dc.contributor.authorFisher, John G.ko
dc.contributor.authorKang, Suk-Joong L.ko
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-15T14:32:32Z-
dc.date.available2019-04-15T14:32:32Z-
dc.date.created2019-03-18-
dc.date.created2019-03-18-
dc.date.issued2019-02-
dc.identifier.citationJOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, v.102, no.2, pp.717 - 735-
dc.identifier.issn0002-7820-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10203/254150-
dc.description.abstractAbnormal grain growth (AGG), where a small number of grains grow to sizes much larger than the neighboring matrix grains, is a frequent occurrence in liquid phase sintering of ceramics and cermets. As AGG can be detrimental to the material properties, a considerable amount of research on the nature, causes and suppression of AGG has been carried out. In this review, we outline the mixed control theory of grain growth and the principle of microstructural evolution that have been developed by Kang and coworkers over the last two decades. The theory and the principle, which are based on theories of crystal growth from a liquid, state that grain growth behavior is controlled by the nature of the solid-liquid interfaces, either atomically rough (macroscopically rounded) or smooth (macroscopically faceted). For grains with atomically rough solid-liquid interfaces, growth is controlled by diffusion of solute through the liquid phase and normal grain growth always occurs. For grains with faceted solid-liquid interfaces (or a mixture of rough and faceted interfaces), growth is interface reaction-controlled and diffusion-controlled below and above a critical driving force for growth, respectively. Depending on the relative values of the critical driving force for growth Delta g(c) and the maximum driving force for the largest grain in the system Delta g(max), pseudo-normal, abnormal, and stagnant grain growth can take place. Based on this theory and principle, we present strategies for suppressing AGG by adjusting Delta g(c) and Delta g(max) to avoid AGG and examples of the successful use of these strategies.-
dc.languageEnglish-
dc.publisherWILEY-
dc.titleStrategies and practices for suppressing abnormal grain growth during liquid phase sintering-
dc.typeArticle-
dc.identifier.wosid000459937200020-
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-85053637054-
dc.type.rimsART-
dc.citation.volume102-
dc.citation.issue2-
dc.citation.beginningpage717-
dc.citation.endingpage735-
dc.citation.publicationnameJOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/jace.16008-
dc.contributor.localauthorKang, Suk-Joong L.-
dc.contributor.nonIdAuthorFisher, John G.-
dc.description.isOpenAccessN-
dc.type.journalArticleArticle; Proceedings Paper-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorabnormal grain growth-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorgrain growth-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorinterfaces-
dc.subject.keywordAuthormicrostructure-
dc.subject.keywordAuthorsinter/sintering-
dc.subject.keywordPlusEQUILIBRIUM CRYSTAL SHAPES-
dc.subject.keywordPlusOXYGEN PARTIAL-PRESSURE-
dc.subject.keywordPlusFACETED WC GRAINS-
dc.subject.keywordPlusCOARSENING BEHAVIOR-
dc.subject.keywordPlusROUGHENING TRANSITION-
dc.subject.keywordPlusMICROSTRUCTURAL EVOLUTION-
dc.subject.keywordPlusVECTOR THERMODYNAMICS-
dc.subject.keywordPlusANISOTROPIC SURFACES-
dc.subject.keywordPlusSTRONTIUM-TITANATE-
dc.subject.keywordPlusSINGLE-CRYSTALS-
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