Two-Dimensional WO3 Nanosheets Chemically Converted from Layered WS2 for High-Performance Electrochromic Devices

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Two-dimensional (2D) transitional metal oxides (TMOs) are an attractive class of materials due to the combined advantages of high active surface area, enhanced electrochemical properties, and stability. Among the 2D TMOs, 2D tungsten oxide (WO3) nanosheets possess great potential in electrochemical applications, particularly in electrochromic (EC) devices. However, feasible production of 2D WO3 nanosheets is challenging due to the innate 3D crystallographic structure of WO3. Here we report a novel solution-phase synthesis of 2D WO3 nanosheets through simple oxidation from 2D tungsten disulfide (WS2) nanosheets exfoliated from bulk WS2 powder. The complete conversion from WS2 into WO3 was confirmed through crystallographic and elemental analyses, followed by validation of the 2D WO3 nanosheets applied in the EC device. The EC device showed color modulation of 62.57% at 700 nm wavelength, which is 3.43 times higher than the value of the conventional device using bulk WO3 powder, while also showing enhancement of similar to 46.62% and similar to 62.71% in switching response-time (coloration and bleaching). The mechanism of enhancement was rationalized through comparative analysis based on the thickness of the WO3 components. In the future, 2D WO3 nanosheets could also be used for other promising applications such as sensors, catalysis, thermoelectric, and energy conversion.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2018-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

FILMS; EXFOLIATION; DYNAMICS; GRAPHENE; FLAKES; MOS2

Citation

NANO LETTERS, v.18, no.9, pp.5646 - 5651

ISSN
1530-6984
DOI
10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b02150
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/246148
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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