Protective effect of COMP-angiopoietin-1 on cyclosporine-induced renal injury in mice

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Background. Peritubular capillary injury induces chronic hypoxia in the renal tubulointerstitium, and renal peritubular capillary dysfunction is an early event that contributes to tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Cyclosporine A (CsA) is a potent immunosuppressant and improves survival of renal allografts. However, the limitation of CsA use is chronic nephrotoxicity. A soluble, stable and potent angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) variant, cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP)-Ang1 has been developed. We investigated whether COMP-Ang1 ameliorates CsA-induced renal injury. Methods. CsA-treated mice were injected with recombinant adenovirus expressing either COMP-Ang1 or LacZ. Histology, inflammatory, haemodynamic and fibrotic parameters, and signalling pathway were evaluated. Results. Histologic examination showed that COMP-Ang1 significantly decreased CsA-induced tubular damage and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. CsA-induced increases in macrophage infiltration and expression of MCP-1 and ICAM-1 after CsA treatment were significantly reduced by COMP-Ang1. Treatment with COMP-Ang1 also decreased the CsA-induced increases in TGF-beta 1 and Smad 2/3 levels while increasing Smad 7 levels. Laser-Doppler sonographic findings and endothelial factor VIII staining revealed that COMP-Ang1 preserved the integrity of peritubular vasculature and intrarenal haemodynamics from the CsA-induced renal injury. COMP-Ang1 inhibited tubular cell apoptosis while increasing tubular cell proliferation in CsA-induced renal injury. Conclusions. These results indicate that COMP-Ang1 exhibited a protective effect on damaged peritubular capillaries, haemodynamic alteration and inflammation in CsA-induced renal injury. Thus, COMP-Ang1 may be useful as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent for specific protection against endothelial dysfunction and inflammation.
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Issue Date
2008
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

LEUKOCYTE ADHESION; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS; LONG-TERM; APOPTOSIS; NEPHROTOXICITY; CHEMOKINES; EXPRESSION; COMP-ANG1; DAMAGE

Citation

NEPHROLOGY DIALYSIS TRANSPLANTATION, v.23, no.9, pp.2784 - 2794

ISSN
0931-0509
DOI
10.1093/ndt/gfn168
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/92852
Appears in Collection
MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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