The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) humanoid robot-1 (KHR-1) was developed for the purpose of researching the walking action of bipeds. KHR-1, which has no hands or head, has 21 d.o.f.: 12 d.o.f. in the legs, 1 d.o.f. in the torso and 8 d.o.f. in the arms. The second version of this humanoid robot, KHR-2 (which has 41 d.o.f.) can walk on a living-room floor; it also moves and looks like a human. The third version, KHR-3 (HUBO), has more humanlike features, a greater variety of movements and a more human-friendly character. We present the mechanical design of HUBO, including the design concept, the lower-body design, the upper-body design and the actuator selection of joints. Previously we developed and published details of KHR-1 and KHR-2. The HUBO platform, which is based on KHR-2, has 41 d.o.f., stands 125 cm tall and weighs 55 kg. From a mechanical point of view, HUBO has greater mechanical stiffness and a more detailed frame design than KHR-2. The stiffness of the frame was increased, and the detailed design around the joints and link frame was either modified or fully redesigned. We initially introduced an exterior art design concept for KHR-2 and that concept was implemented in HUBO at the mechanical design stage.