Protective effect of adrenomedullin in mannitol-induced apoptosis

Cited 21 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
  • Hit : 423
  • Download : 0
Mannitol therapy is widely used for reducing brain edema, and ischemic brain swelling. However, mannitol at clinical concentrations induces apoptosis in endothelial cells. Because apoptosis may be a pathogenic mechanism in vascular injury, antiapoptotic agents may have a protective role in mannitol-induced apoptosis. In this study, we examined whether adrenomedullin (AM) prevents mannitol-induced apoptosis and also evaluated the associated signaling pathway of AM in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. AM prevented mannitol-induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Pretreatment with wortmannin blocked the AM-induced antiapoptotic effect. AM stimulated Akt at Ser473, and wortmannin inhibited the AM-induced Akt phosphorylation. These findings indicate that phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase/Akt pathway transmits the survival signal from AM. The potency of antiapoptotic effect of AM is stronger than that of vascular endothelial growth factor and angiopoietin-1 in mannitol-induced apoptosis. AM can have a protective role not only in umbilical vein, but also in pulmonary, coronary, and aortic endothelial cells. These findings indicate that AM has a potent protective role in mannitol-induced apoptosis, through phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase/Akt pathway. Therefore, pretreatment with AM might help to maintain normal endothelial integrity during systemic mannitol therapy.
Publisher
SPRINGER
Issue Date
2002-12
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Keywords

STIMULATES DNA-SYNTHESIS; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS; SURVIVAL FACTOR; GROWTH-FACTOR; ANGIOPOIETIN-1; PROLIFERATION; ACTIVATION; RECEPTOR; PATHWAYS; CAMP

Citation

APOPTOSIS, v.7, pp.527 - 536

ISSN
1360-8185
DOI
10.1023/A:1020695110648
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/80964
Appears in Collection
MSE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
Files in This Item
There are no files associated with this item.
This item is cited by other documents in WoS
⊙ Detail Information in WoSⓡ Click to see webofscience_button
⊙ Cited 21 items in WoS Click to see citing articles in records_button

qr_code

  • mendeley

    citeulike


rss_1.0 rss_2.0 atom_1.0