A new neural network architecture is proposed for spatial domain image vector quantization (VQ). The proposed model has a multiple shell structure consisting of binary hypercube feature maps of various dimensions, which are extended forms of Kohonen's self-organizing feature maps (SOFMs). It is trained so that each shell can contain similar-feature vectors. A partial search scheme using the neighborhood relationship of hypercube feature maps can reduce the computational complexity drastically with marginal coding efficiency degradation. This feature is especially proper for vector quantization of a large block or high dimension. The proposed scheme can also provide edge preserving VQ by increasing the number of shells, because shells far from the origin are trained to contain edge block features.