Water-redispersible single-walled carbon nanotubes and their self-assembled ordered superstructures in polymeric systems = 수용액에 재분산 가능한 탄소나노튜브 및 이들이 고분자 시스템에서 형성하는 질서있는 자기조립 초구조체

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We develop individually isolated SWNTs (p-SWNT) that are easily redispersible in water by only 10 minutes of mild vortex mixing to overcome the insolubility and bundling problems of SWNTs in solutions, and investigate their self-assembled superstructures in three different polymeric systems (P84/water/pxylene ternary system, PE6200/water binary system, and PE6400/water binary system) by small angle neutron and x-ray scatterings (SANS and SAXS) measurements. To our knolwedge, this is the first demonstration of self-assembled orderd SWNT superstructures using the rich phase behavior of polymeric systems. The p-SWNTs are achieved by 1) dispersing SWNTs in water using cationic surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium 4-vinylbenzoate (CTVB), which has polymerizable counterions, and 2) permanently fixing the surfactant monolayer on the SWNTs by in situ free radical polymerization of the counterions, followed by ultracentrifugation and freeze drying. SANS measurement of the p-SWNTs in $D_2O$ indicates that isolated SWNTs are cylindrically encapsulated by polymerized surfactant monolayers. It is remarkable that the p-SWNTs are still readily re-dispersible in water, even after harsh processing such as freeze drying, indicating their excellent stability and processibility. Therefore, the p-SWNTs provide us an unique opportunity to explore the rich phase behavior of polymeric systems as templates to fabricate various self-organized SWNT superstructures. The first polymeric system used to fabricate self-assembled SWNT superstructure is the P84/water/p-xylene ternary system which shows a lamellar and a reverse hexagonal phase at room temperature when the composition in weight ratio is 40/40/20 and 46/18/36, respectively. The contrast varied SANS study of the mixtures of p-SWNTs and the P84/water/p-xylene ternary systems indicates that p-SWNTs are preferentially confined to the polar domains of the ternary systems due to the hydrophilically modified surfaces of p-SWNTs. The ...
Advisors
Choi, Sung-Minresearcher최성민researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2009
Identifier
309304/325007  / 020035825
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 원자력및양자공학과, 2009.2, [ xix, 178 p. ]

Keywords

single wall carbon nanotube; self-assembly; small angle neutron scattering; small angle x-ray scattering; block copolymer; 탄소나노튜브; 자기조립; 소각중성자산란; 소각엑스선산란; 공중합체

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/49014
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=309304&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
NE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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