Indium rapid thermal diffusion into p-HgCdTe and its application to infrared detector fabrication = HgCdTe 내부로의 인듐 고속열확산과 적외선 감지 소자 제작

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A new p-n junction formation method on p-HgCdTe by indium rapid thermal diffusion and a new plausible structure of two color IR detector are proposed. Rapid thermal diffusion of indium into HgCdTe (x=0.30) is studied over the temperature range of 100 - 200 ℃, for 5 - 600 seconds. It is observed that there are two diffusion components, the first one being an erfc function fitted atomic component and the other being an exponentially fitted fast component. From the Arrhenius plot, the diffusion coefficients of indium by RTD in HgCdTe (x=0.30) were fitted by $D(T) = 1.45 × 10^{-2} \exp(-0.772(eV)/kT) ㎠/s$. The activation energy is 0.772 eV. From the differential Hall and conductivity measurements at 77K, it is observed that not all of the diffused indium is activated as donors and that the portion of activated indium depends heavily on the indium concentration. Large suppression of reverse bias leakage current is archived in the RTD photodiodes in comparison with ion implanted HgCdTe photodiode. The suppression of defects generation in junction formation by RTD might give the p-n junctions with reduced traps, resulting the suppression of reverse bias leakage current. The extracted minority carrier lifetime from plot of R0A versus 1000/T obtained from RTD diode is 6 times larger than that from ion implanted diodes. This means that the trap density in the RTD diodes is reduced by 6 times. This result suggest that junction formation by RTD is more advantageous than junction formation by ion implantation for the future high density IRFPA. We propose a new n-p-N structure simultaneously and independently operable two color (MW/LWIR and SW/MWIR combination) detector. The proposed two color detector has the back-to-back diode structure of the n-p-N-HgCdTe on CdZnTe substrate. The potential barrier in p-N heterojunction plays critical role in that it prevents photogenerated minority carriers in p-HgCdTe from diffusing to N-HgCdTe. The heterojunction analysis with ...
Kim, Choong-Ki김충기
한국과학기술원 : 전기및전자공학과,
Issue Date
114126/325007 / 000925131

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 전기및전자공학과, 1997.2, [ iv, 129 p. ]


Rapid thermal diffusion; Indium diffusion; HgCdTe; Two color detector; 전위 장벽; 고속 열확산; 인듐 확산; Potential barrier

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