As the clock frequency of digital systems goes higher up to multi-GHz, it is getting more important to distribute a clock signal to each destination with minimum timing jitter as not to exceed the timing margin of the system. Usually, a series of cascaded repeaters is indispensable to distribute a clock signal on a chip due to the lossy characteristic of on-chip global interconnection lines. The repeaters cause timing jitter on the clock signal when they are affected by power supply noise which is usually generated by digital logic core operations. Moreover, the number of repeaters required to distribute a clock signal is rapidly increasing as the clock frequency of the system goes higher.
This thesis shows a conceivable solution called a chip-package hybrid clock scheme by which most repeaters are no longer necessary to distribute the clock signal on a chip. Since the repeater-free hybrid clock distribution network is robust for on-chip power supply noise, the simultaneous switching noise (SSN) generated by digital logic circuits on a chip affects little on the hybrid clock signal. The effects of off-chip power supply noise are also considered by categorizing them into two mechanisms called generation and propagation. The generation of the power supply noise is controlled by a self impedance lowering technique using both off-chip and on-chip de-coupling capacitors. And the propagation of the power supply noise is controlled by adopting an electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structure between a noise source and a victim. All results have been verified using both simulations and measurements and the chip-package hybrid clock network has shown dramatically reduced clock jitter compared to a conventional repeater-based clock distribution network.