NMR studies of anticancer drug and DNA complexes = 항암제와 핵산 복합체의 핵자기 공명 연구

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Part Ⅰ The echinomycin complex with the self-complementary DNA decamer $d(ACGTTAACGT)_2$ has been investigated in solution by proton NMR spectroscopy and compared previously reported complexes, 2echinomycin-$[d(CGTACG)]_2$ and 2echinomycin-$[d(ACGTATACGT)]_2$. Echinomycin binds cooperatively as a bisintercalator at the CpG steps. An analysis of the intermolecular NOE patterns defines the position and orientation of the bound drug molecule. The terminal AㆍT base pairs are Hoogsteen base paired, whereas the four AㆍT pairs are clearly Watson-Crick base paired unlike the other complexes. Thus, the presence of the extra AㆍT base pairs between the binding sites appears to prevent the formation of Hoogsteen base pairs immediately adjacent to the binding site. All four central AㆍT base pairs are destabilized relative to those in the free DNA. Because there is no evidence for unwinding of the DNA duplex in the complex relative to the free DNA, we conclude that the hypersensitivity to DNA cleavage reagents distal to echinomycin binding sites might be due to the destabilization of DNA structure induced by the drug binding. Part Ⅱ These hyperreactivity of DNA distal to the echinomycin binding sites can not be well explained by the only structural studies. We study one of another properties through measurement imino proton exchange rate. It is the kinetic property of the DNA base pair. We compare the TTAA and TATA steps with base pair lifetimes in complexes and free DNA duplexes. In the duplexes, TTAA step is more stable than TATA step as a whole. But the trends are opposite. The inner most base pairs in TTAA step are less stable than the next base pairs. In the contrary, the inner most base pairs have the slightly longer lifetimes than the next base pairs. Through making complexes with echinomycin, those trend are not changed in each complex , except for slightly destabilization as a whole. We can propose that the propagated destabilization in our result can also explain...
Choi, Byong-Seokresearcher최병석researcher
한국과학기술원 : 화학과,
Issue Date
112610/325007 / 000935163

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학과, 1997.2, [ xii, 120 p. ]


DNA; 동역학; 구조; 에치노마이신; 데옥시라이보즈핵산; 핵자기공명; Kinetics; NMR; Echinomycin; Structure

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