Synthesis, and electrical, nonlinear optical and luminescent properties of novel poly (1,4-phenylenevinylene) derivatives = 새로운 폴리 (1,4-페닐렌비닐렌) 유도체들의 합성과 전기, 비선형 광학 및 발광 특성에 관한 연구

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A new class of poly(1,4-phenylenevinylene) derivatives were synthesized through processible precursor polymers. The electrical conductivities of synthesized polymers were measured by four-probe method at room temperature after doping with $I_2$ or $FeCl_3$. The synthesized polymers showed their electrical conductivities between $10^{-4}$-$10^2$ S/cm depending on nature of substituent, copolymer composition and draw ratio, etc. The third-order nonlinear optical susceptibilities of the polymer films were determined by degenerate four-wave mixing (DFWM) measurement technique at 602 nm, and also third-harmonic generation (THG) method at 1907 nm. The calculated $\chi^{(3)}$ ($-\omega$;$\omega$,$\omega$,$-\omega$) values of the polymers by DFWM method were ranged from $10^{-11}$ to $10^{-10}$ esu, and $\chi^{(3)}$ (-3$\omega$;$\omega$,$\omega$,$\omega$) values by THG method were ranged from $10^{-13}$ to $10^{-12}$ esu. The electro-optic properties of polymer films containing electron-donating methoxy and electron-withdrawing nitrile group substituted stilbene moiety were investigated using reflection measurement technique, after corona discharge poling under high electric field. They showed electrooptic coefficients of $1.2\,\pm\,0.3$ pm/V. No significant decay of the electrooptic responses was observed for over 2600 h at room temperature. Most significant is the fact that these polymers showed no detectable decay and no tendency of relaxation for 150 h even at $100^\circ C$. Blue light-emitting polymers with well-defined conjugation length were also synthesized through Wittig polycondensation reaction. The simple light-emitting devices (LED) of these polymers were made with ITO and aluminum as positive and negative electrode. The electro-luminescent (EL) properties of these polymers were studied by current-voltage characteristics, EL spectra and light intensity-current characteristics.
Advisors
Shim, Hong-Kuresearcher심홍구researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 화학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
1995
Identifier
98586/325007 / 000925399
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 화학과, 1995.2, [ v, 217 p. ]

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/31416
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=98586&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CH-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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