Diffraction and Reflection Aware Multiple Sound Source Localization

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In this article, we present a novel localization method for multiple sources in indoor environments. Our approach can estimate different propagation paths, including the reflection and diffraction paths of sound waves based on a backward ray tracing technique. To estimate diffraction propagation paths, we combine a ray tracing algorithm with a uniform theory of diffraction model by exploiting the diffraction properties as propagation paths bend around the wedges of obstacles. We reconstruct the 3-D environments and wedges of obstacles in the precomputation phase and utilize these outcomes to generate primary, reflection, and diffraction acoustic rays in the runtime phase. We localize multiple sources when identifying the convergence regions of these acoustic rays based on Monte Carlo localization (MCL). Our approach supports not only stationary but also moving sources of human speech and clapping sounds. Our approach can also handle nonline-of-sight (NLOS) sources and distinguish between active and inactive source states. We evaluated and analyzed our algorithm in multiple scenarios containing obstacles and NLOS sources. Our approach can localize moving sources with the average of distance errors of 0.65 and 0.74 m in single and multiple source cases, respectively, in rooms, 7 m by 7 m in size with a height of 3 m; errors are measured according to the L2 distance between the estimated and actual source positions. We observed a 130% improvement of the localization accuracy over the prior work (J.-M. Valin et al.). IEEE
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2022-06
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, v.38, no.3, pp.1925 - 1944

ISSN
1552-3098
DOI
10.1109/TRO.2021.3118966
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/296856
Appears in Collection
CS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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