Meso-pi-Extended/Deficient BODIPYs and Low-Band-Gap Donor-Acceptor Copolymers for Organic Optoelectronics

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The realization of pi-deficient acceptors and their donor-acceptor copolymers has become a key research focus for the realization of versatile organic optoelectronic materials and devices. Herein, we demonstrate the theoretical design, synthesis, and physicochemical/optoelectronic characterization of two meso-pi-extended/deficient BODIPY building blocks (2OD-T2BDY and 2OD-TTzBDY) and a library of donor-acceptor copolymers with low band gap (E-g = 1.30-1.35 eV) based on these building blocks. These building blocks, to the best of our knowledge, are the first examples of BODIPYs with meso-pi-extension. A library of BODIPY building blocks with varied meso units/substituents is studied to reveal the meso effects on the semiconducting BODIPY's optoelectronic properties. The building blocks showed favorable pi-acceptor electronic/structural properties with meso-pi-delocalized and stabilized LUMOs (ca. -3.6 eV) and large ground-state dipole moments of 4.9-5.5 D. Consistent with the theoretical/experimental pi-electronic structures, all copolymers functioned as p-type semiconductors in field-effect transistors and as donor materials in the bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics. Power conversion efficiencies of up to 4.4% with a short-circuit current of 12.07 mA cm(-2) were achieved. This study demonstrates a unique meso-pi-extension strategy to realize BODIPYs with favorable pi-acceptor properties, and our findings could open up future materials design avenues in various organic optoelectronic applications.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2022-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS APPLIED POLYMER MATERIALS, v.4, no.3, pp.1991 - 2005

ISSN
2637-6105
DOI
10.1021/acsapm.1c01856
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/296815
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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