Generative Design by Reinforcement Learning: Enhancing the Diversity of Topology Optimization Designs

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Generative design refers to computational design methods that can automatically conduct design exploration under constraints defined by designers. Among many approaches, topology optimization based generative designs aim to explore diverse topology designs, which cannot be represented by conventional parametric design approaches. Recently, data-driven topology optimization research has started to exploit artificial intelligence, such as deep learning or machine learning, to improve the capability of design exploration. This study proposes a reinforcement learning (RL) based generative design process, with reward functions maximizing the diversity of topology designs. We formulate generative design as a sequential problem of finding optimal design parameter combinations in accordance with a given reference design. Proximal Policy Optimization is used as the learning framework, which is demonstrated in the case study of an automotive wheel design problem. To reduce the heavy computational burden of the wheel topology optimization process required by our RL formulation, we approximate the optimization process with neural networks. With efficient data preprocessing/augmentation and neural architecture, the neural networks achieve a generalized performance and symmetricity-reserving characteristics. We show that RL-based generative design produces a large number of diverse designs within a short inference time by exploiting GPU in a fully automated manner. It is different from the previous approach using CPU which takes much more processing time and involving human intervention. (c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2022-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, v.146

ISSN
0010-4485
DOI
10.1016/j.cad.2022.103225
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/296382
Appears in Collection
GT-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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