Fractionalization and anyonic statistics in the integer quantum Hall collider

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One remarkable feature of strongly correlated systems is the phenomenon of fractionalization where quasiparticles carry only a fraction of the charge or spin of the elementary constituents. Such quasiparticles often present anyonic statistics in two dimensions and lie at the heart of the fractional quantum Hall effect. We discuss the observation of fractionalization and anyonic statistics already in the integer quantum Hall effect coupled to a metallic island. A continuous fractional emitter is proposed, which sends dilute beams of noninteger charges, and its full counting statistics is obtained. The fractional charge is governed solely by the number of ballistic channels covered by the island and it is one half of the electron charge for a single ballistic channel. We further characterize the mixing of two such fractional beams through a quantum point contact beam splitter. We predict negative cross-correlations, in strong contrast with free electrons, that depend on the double exchange phase between electrons and the fractional charges emulating anyons. The result is similar to a genuine fractional edge state as recently measured at filling nu = 1/3. We revisit the physical interpretation of this experiment and point towards a direct braiding measurement rather than a deviation from fermionic antibunching.
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Issue Date
2022-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

PHYSICAL REVIEW B, v.105, no.7

ISSN
2469-9950
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevB.105.075433
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/292838
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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