Designing Multicolor Graphics of Plasmonic Metasurfaces through Gradual Protrusion of Particles at Free Interface

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Metal nanostructures show plasmonic colors in the absence of pigments, which are promising for various optical applications. Colloidal lithography is one of the cost-effective methods for a wide-area production of plasmonic metasurfaces. However, it remains an important challenge to regioselectively control plasmonic property in a facile and reliable manner. Here, a novel strategy is reported to produce multicolor plasmonic graphics using the gradual protrusion of colloids at a water-resin interface. Particles anchored at free interfaces slowly migrate toward the equilibrium position. Therefore, the degree of protrusion into the opposite phase is determined by the duration of aging. With this phenomenon, dimple arrays with controlled depths is produced by capturing the particles at the water-resin interface through photopolymerization and removing the particles. Directional deposition of aluminum on the dimple arrays renders plasmonically colored surfaces, where the resonant wavelengths, or colors, vary with dimple depth. As the resin is regioselectively photocurable by ultraviolet irradiation through photomasks, plasmonic graphics can be produced. In addition, multi-steps of regioselective photocuring with controlled durations of incubation produce multicolor graphics. The graphics show consistent plasmonic colors for specular reflection while displaying iridescent diffraction colors from hexagonal arrays of dimples for off-specular conditions, enhancing the visibility of graphics.
Publisher
WILEY
Issue Date
2022-03
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ADVANCED MATERIALS INTERFACES, v.9, no.7

ISSN
2196-7350
DOI
10.1002/admi.202102240
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/292797
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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