Carbon nanomaterials as enzyme host media and their electrochemical applications in biosensors and biofuel cells = 탄소 나노물질을 이용한 효소 고정화 및 바이오센서와 바이오 연료전지 응용에 관한 연구

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There have been dramatic developments in nanotechnology, especially nano-materials and nano-structure. The physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of these nano-materials are noticed, as these properties are different from those of bulk materials. Lots of researches have been reported applyng nano-materials and nanostructures to nano-fabricaion, composite, nano-electronics, and so on. One of the main research topic is fabrication of biosensor using nano-materials as a fusion technology, nano-bio technology. Quantum dots (0D), nanowire, nanotube, nanofiber (1D), and mesoporous media (3D) are commonly have been used as a host media for immobilization of biomolecules. The large surface area and size compatibility of nano-material help biomolecules to be stably contact to nano-material. These nano-materials provide magnetic response, optical response, of conductivity enhancement to immobilized biomolecules, acting as a signal enhancement of transducer. In this study, the carbon-based conductive nano-materials, mesoporous carbon and carbon nanotube, were used for enzyme immobilization media. Due to their electrical conductivity, the enzyme-immobilized carbon materials have advantages in electrochemical application, biosensor and biofuel cell in the sense of electron transfer. There were suggested the immobilization methods for each nano-material, and their electrochemical properties were characterized. The carbon-based nano-materials was shown as a good candidate of a host matrix for immobilization of biomolecules, and their electrochemical properties, sensitivity in biosensor and power output in biofuel cell, were enhanced by proper immobilization method corresponding to the structure of each nano-material.
Advisors
Jung, Hee-Taeresearcher정희태researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생명화학공학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2010
Identifier
455364/325007  / 020045012
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생명화학공학과, 2010.08, [ xi, 95 p. ]

Keywords

biosensors; enzymes; mesoporous carbon; carbon nanotube; biofuel cells; 바이오 연료전지; 바이오센서; 효소; 다공성 탄소; 탄소나노튜브

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/29093
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=455364&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
CBE-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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