Effects and limitations of superhydrophobic surfaces on the heat transfer performance of a two-phase closed thermosyphon

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A two-phase closed thermosyphon (TPCT), also called a gravity-assisted heat pipe, is an efficient heat transfer device that exploits boiling and condensation phase-change phenomena to transport large amounts of heat. Recently, jumping droplet condensation on a well-designed superhydrophobic (SHPo) surface has shown superior condensation heat transfer coefficient (HTC), exceeding similar to 380% and similar to 30% over conventional filmwise and dropwise condensation, respectively. However, SHPo surfaces within TPCTs have shown much lower HTCs than expected, and the exact cause of this has not been investigated yet. Here, we experimentally explored the effects and limitations of a SHPo surface in a TPCT by visualizing the internal flow patterns and condensation behavior according to heat flux. We constructed a TPCT device capable of visualizing the inside and fabricated a SHPo surface on a condenser wall of the TPCT. We revealed two important condensation characteristics that limit the condenser HTC of the SHPo surface and the TPCT's heat transfer performance. At high heat fluxes (>= 90 kW/m(2)), the repetitive liquid collision led to an early flooding transition of the surface and a stepwise decrease in the condenser HTC. At low heat fluxes (< 90 kW/m(2)), counter-current flow generated by the evaporation and boiling caused the drag force enough to entrain growing and jumping droplets, which interrupted the removal of condensate from the surface and limited the condenser HTC. We quantified their effects on the condenser and TPCT's heat transfer performance using experiments and analytical models.
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2021-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, v.176, pp.121446

ISSN
0017-9310
DOI
10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2021.121446
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/289760
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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