Boosting Oxygen Evolution Reaction on Metallocene-based Transition Metal Sulfides Integrated with N-doped Carbon Nanostructures

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In this study, utilizing metallocene and organosulfur chelating agent, an innovative synthetic route was developed towards electrochemically activated transition metal sulfides entrapped in pyridinic nitrogen-incorporated carbon nanostructures for superior oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Most importantly, the preferential electrochemical activation process, which consisted of both anodic and cathodic pre-treatment steps, strikingly enhanced OER and long-lasting cyclic stability. The substantial increase in OER electrocatalytic activity of Ni9S8/Ni3S2−NC and Co9S8−NC during the activation process was mainly attributed to the increase of faradaic active site density on the catalytic layer resulting from the reconstruction of catalytic interfaces. It was also found that Fe-based metallocene [ferrocene (Fc)]-incorporation in the Co9S8−NC and Ni9S8/Ni3S2−NC nanostructures significantly boosted the OER activity. Thus, the combined effects of Fc-incorporation and the electrochemical activation process reduced the overpotential to about 115 and 95 mV on the Ni9S8/Ni3S2−NC and Co9S8−NC nanostructures to derive a current density of 10 mA cm−2, respectively. Notably, Fc−Ni9S8/Ni3S2−NC electrocatalysts required very small overpotentials of around 222, 244, and 280 mV to acquire the current densities of 10, 20, and 50 mA cm−2, respectively. This work opens up a new avenue for superior OER electrocatalysts by the utilization of metallocene and the preferential electrochemical activation process.
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2021-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

CHEMSUSCHEM, v.14, no.22, pp.5004 - 5020

ISSN
1864-5631
DOI
10.1002/cssc.202101469
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/289467
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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