End-to-end Multi-task Learning of Missing Value Imputation and Forecasting in Time-Series Data

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Multivariate time-series prediction is a common task, but it often becomes challenging due to missing data caused by unreliable sensors and other issues. In fact, inaccurate imputation of missing values can degrade the downstream prediction performance, so it may be better not to rely on the estimated values of missing data. Furthermore, observed data may contain noise, so denoising them can be helpful for the main task at hand. In response, we propose a novel approach that can automatically utilize the optimal combination of the observed and the estimated values to generate not only complete, but also noise-reduced data by our own gating mechanism. We evaluate our model on incomplete real-world time-series datasets and achieved state-of-the-art performance. Moreover, we present in-depth studies using a carefully designed, synthetic multivariate time-series dataset to verify the effectiveness of the proposed model. The ablation studies and the experimental analysis of the proposed gating mechanism show that it works as an effective denoising and imputation method for time-series classification tasks.
Publisher
IEEE COMPUTER SOC
Issue Date
2021-01
Language
English
Citation

25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), pp.8849 - 8856

ISSN
1051-4651
DOI
10.1109/ICPR48806.2021.9412112
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/288340
Appears in Collection
RIMS Conference Papers
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