Surface Activity-Tuned Metal Oxide Chemiresistor: Toward Direct and Quantitative Halitosis Diagnosis

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Continuous monitoring of hydrogen sulfide (H-2S) in human breath for early stage diagnosis of halitosis is of great significance for prevention of dental diseases. However, fabrication of a highly selective and sensitive H2S gas sensor material still remains a challenge, and direct analysis of real breath samples has not been properly attempted, to the best of our knowledge. To address the issue, herein, we introduce facile cofunctionalization of WO3 nanofibers with alkaline metal (Na) and noble metal (Pt) catalysts via the simple addition of sodium chloride (NaCl) and Pt nanoparticles (NPs), followed by electrospinning process. The Nadoping and Pt NPs decoration in WO3 grains induces the partial evolution of the Na2W4O13 phase, causing the buildup of Pt/Na2W4O13/WO3 multi-interface heterojunctions that selectively interacts with sulfur-containing species. As a result, we achieved the highest-ranked sensing performances, that is, response (R-air/R-gas) = 780 @ 1 ppm and selectivity (RH2S/REtOH) = 277 against 1 ppm ethanol, among the chemiresistor-based H2S sensors, owing to the synergistic chemical and electronic sensitization effects of the Pt NP/Na compound cocatalysts. The as-prepared sensing layer was proven to be practically effective for direct, and quantitative halitosis analysis based on the correlation (accuracy = 86.3%) between the H2S concentration measured using the direct breath signals obtained by our test device (80 cases) and gas chromatography. This study offers possibilities for direct, highly reliable and rapid detection of H2S in real human breath without the need of any collection or filtering equipment.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2021-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS NANO, v.15, no.9, pp.14207 - 14217

ISSN
1936-0851
DOI
10.1021/acsnano.1c01350
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/288236
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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