Elongation improvement of transparent and flexible surface protective coating using polydimethylsiloxane-anchored epoxy-functionalized siloxane hybrid composite for reliable out-foldable displays

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Flexible surface protective coating in out-foldable devices should possess high elongation with high surface hardness. However, the two characteristics in conventional protecting materials are mutually exclusive. Here, we report a simple and effective composite design strategy to realize high elastic, yet still hard out-foldable and transparent surface protective coating material using molecular hybridization between polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and epoxy-functionalized siloxane matrix (ESH) via an in situ sol-gel reaction, forming siloxane linkages. Chemically crosslinked PDMS with ESH (P-ESH) makes optical transparency and greatly improves the elongation property while retaining the surface hardness of ESH due to the flexible and long-siloxane backbone of PDMS. As a result, we obtain the high-performance surface protective coating with greatly improved elongation (2.05% of fracture strain, 60% increase of bare ESH) and high surface hardness (pencil hardness: 4H @ 20 mu m thickness). We thoroughly characterize the mechanical behavior of P-ESH combined with microscopic (nano-scratch and nanoindentation tests) and macroscopic views (tensile test with digital image correlation methods). Enhanced elongation property with high surface hardness is induced by fully-recovery characteristics of P-ESH from external force. In addition, the fabricated P-ESH shows excellent reliability under repeated out-folding (5 mm of folding radius), continuous abrasion (steel wool test: 5,000 cycles), acid or base solutions, and ultraviolet irradiation. Our extensible transparent surface protective coating composite provides a great potential for application to next-generation out-foldable devices.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Issue Date
2021-11
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

COMPOSITES PART B-ENGINEERING, v.225

ISSN
1359-8368
DOI
10.1016/j.compositesb.2021.109313
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/288222
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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