High-Temperature Carbonized Ceria Thermophotovoltaic Emitter beyond Tungsten

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Thermophotovoltaics (TPVs) require emitters with a regulated radiation spectrum tailored to the spectral response of integrated photovoltaic cells. Such spectrally engineered emitters developed thus far are structurally too complicated to be scalable, are thermally unstable, or lack reliability in terms of temperature cycling. Herein, we report wafer-scale, thermal-stress-free, and wavelength-selective emitters that operate for high-temperature TPVs equipped with GaSb photovoltaic cells. One inch crystalline ceria wafers were prepared by sequentially pressing and annealing the pellets of ceria nanoparticles. The direct pyrolysis of citric acid mixed with ceria nanoparticles created agglomerated, pyrolytic carbon and ceria microscale dots, thus forming a carbonized film strongly adhering to a wafer surface. Depending on the thickness of the carbonized film that was readily tuned based on the amount of citric acid used in the reaction, the carbonized ceria emitter behaved as a tungsten-like emitter, a graphite-like emitter, or their hybrid in terms of the absorptivity spectrum. A properly synthesized carbonized ceria emitter produced a power density of 0.63 W/cm(2) from the TPV system working at 900 degrees C, providing 13 and 9% enhancements compared to tungsten and graphite emitters, respectively. Furthermore, only the carbonized ceria emitter preserved its pristine absorptivity spectrum after a 48 h heating test at 1000 degrees C. The scalable and facile fabrication of thermostable emitters with a structured spectrum will prompt the emergence of thermal emission-harnessed energy devices.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2021-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.13, no.36, pp.42724 - 42731

ISSN
1944-8244
DOI
10.1021/acsami.1c10451
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/288012
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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