Evaporation and deposition of inclined colloidal droplets

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Colloidal droplets on flat solid substrates commonly leave symmetric ring-like deposits due to coffeering flows during evaporation. On inclined substrates, droplet shapes may become asymmetric by gravity. On this basis, it is not clear how their evaporation dynamics and final deposits are changed depending on inclination. Here we explore evaporation and deposition dynamics of colloidal droplets on inclined substrates, mainly by controlling colloidal particle size, substrate inclination, and relative humidity, which are crucial to gravitational intervention and evaporation dynamics. We experimentally investigate two different flows with opposite directions: downward sedimentation flows by gravity (v(s)) and upward capillary flows by evaporation (v(c)). We find that the competition of two flows determines the formation of final deposits with a flow speed ratio of alpha = v(s)/v(c). Notably, for alpha << 1, evaporation-driven upward flows overwhelm sedimentation-driven downward flows, resulting in accentuated particle movement towards the top ring, which seems to defy gravitational intervention. We suggest a possible explanation for the flow speed dependence of final deposits in evaporating colloidal droplets. This study offers a framework to understand the intervention of inclination to the formation of final deposits and how to overcome the deposit pattern radial asymmetry, achieving symmetric deposit widths from inclined colloidal droplets.
Publisher
NATURE PORTFOLIO
Issue Date
2021-09
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.11, no.1

ISSN
2045-2322
DOI
10.1038/s41598-021-97256-w
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/287868
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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