Artificial Taste Buds: Bioorthogonally Ligated Gustatory-Neuronal Multicellular Hybrids Enabling Intercellular Taste Signal Transmission

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Heterogeneous tissue models require the assembly and co-culture of multiple types of cells. Our recent work demonstrated taste signal transmission from gustatory cells to neurons by grafting single-stranded DNA into the cell membrane to construct multicellular assemblies. However, the weak DNA linkage and low grafting density allowed the formation of large gustatory cell self-aggregates that cannot communicate with neurons efficiently. This article presents the construction of artificial taste buds exhibiting active intercellular taste signal transmission through the hybridization of gustatory-neuronal multicellular interfaces using bioorthogonal click chemistry. Hybrid cell clusters were formed by the self-assembly of neonatal gustatory cells displaying tetrazine with a precultured embryonic hippocampal neuronal network displaying trans-cyclooctene. A bitter taste signal transduction was provoked in gustatory cells using denatonium benzoate and transmitted to neurons as monitored by intracellular calcium ion sensing. In the multicellular hybrids, the average number of signal transmissions was five to six peaks per cell, and the signal transmission lasted for similar to 5 min with a signal-to-signal gap time of 10-40 s. The frequent and extended intercellular signal transmission suggests that the cell surface modification by the bioorthogonal click chemistry is a promising approach to fabricating functional multicellular hybrid clusters potentially useful for cell-based biosensors, toxicity assays, and tissue regeneration.
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Issue Date
2021-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

ACS BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING, v.7, no.8, pp.3783 - 3792

ISSN
2373-9878
DOI
10.1021/acsbiomaterials.1c00247
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/287527
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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