Global electroweak symmetric vacuum

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Although the Higgs potential in the Standard Model (SM) contains only a simple electroweak symmetry breaking vacuum in the small field region, additional metastable or global vacua could exist in models beyond the SM. In this paper, we study one intriguing scenario with an additional electroweak symmetric vacuum that could be the global one. For the thermal universe ending at the current metastable vacuum, the electroweak symmetry should stay non-restored at high temperatures. We realize the scenario in a model with Higgs-portal couplings to SM singlet scalars with approximately global O(N) symmetries with a large N. For a large portion of model parameter space, both the quantum and thermal tunneling rates are suppressed such that our current metastable vacuum is long-lived enough. Our scenario predicts order-one changes for the Higgs self-couplings and a large contribution to the signal of the off-shell Higgs invisible decay. It can be partly probed at the LHC Run 3 and well tested at the high luminosity LHC. We also discuss the subcritical (anti-de Sitter) bubbles from the thermal tunneling that could have a large population and interesting cosmological implications.
Publisher
SPRINGER
Issue Date
2021-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS, no.7, pp.225

ISSN
1126-6708
DOI
10.1007/JHEP07(2021)225
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/287216
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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