Effect of metal/metal oxide catalysts on graphene fiber for improved NO2 sensing

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Noble metal/metal-oxide-based hybrid gas sensors exhibit a low operating temperature, remarkable sensitivity, and fast recovery. As additives, noble metals induce a catalytic sensitization effect, which promotes charge transfer from the metal oxide to the analyte molecules, the so-called spillover mechanism. This suggests that metal catalysts can improve gas sensing performance. Herein, for the first time, non-noble metals are introduced on hybrid metal oxide/graphene fibers as sensitizers to fabricate high-performance chemiresistive sensors. The formation of metal components can be effectively controlled by annealing the metal oxide on graphene. Remarkably, compared with the corresponding metal oxide/graphene fiber sensors without metal components, the metal/metal oxide/graphene fiber sensors exhibit over a 16-fold higher response to NO2 gas as well as effective recovery characteristics. Specifically, the Cu/Cu2O/graphene and Ni/NiO/graphene fiber sensors operating at 150 degrees C exhibit sensitivities of 18.90 % and 0.82 %, respectively, for 5 ppm NO2 gas. The proposed strategy to achieve flexible graphene fiber chemiresistors by decorating them with non-noble metal and metal oxide nanoparticles opens a new avenue for realizing high-performance devices, such as photovoltaic devices, photocatalysts, and chemical catalysts.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Issue Date
2021-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SENSORS AND ACTUATORS B-CHEMICAL, v.344

ISSN
0925-4005
DOI
10.1016/j.snb.2021.130231
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/287075
Appears in Collection
MS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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