Improvement of Optical Flow Estimation by Using the Hampel Filter for Low-End Embedded Systems

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Owing to the recent advances in the field of deep-learning-based approaches, state-of-the-art performance has been achieved for optical flow estimation. However, nondeep-learning-based improvement in the optical flow estimation performance is still required because many platforms, such as small UGVs and drones, involve constraints that make mounting GPUs difficult. Thus, in this study, we do not apply deep learning methods; rather, we improve the accuracy of the optical flow pipeline by optimizing only its fundamental parameters. The optical flow estimation performance is influenced by the number of coarse-to-fine estimation pyramids, the filter applied to each pyramid level, the window size, and the graduated nonconvexity (GNC) step number. No significant differences from the previous research were achieved by optimizing the parameters heuristically because they have already been optimized. Therefore, we decided to change the filter applied in each pyramid, which is the most important factor in determining the optical flow estimation performance. As a result of verification, the optical flow with the median filter did not show good optical flow estimation performance due to oversmoothing of the image boundary, and the optical flow with the weighted median filter proposed to overcome this drawback could not well address the complexity of the equation and deal with the large computation cost. The proposed Hampel filter shows better performance by minimizing the loss of the original image in the image smoothing process and reduced computational complexity compared to the weighted median filter. The principle of the Hampel filter is similar to that of the median filter, except that if the reference pixel is statistically close to the pixel medi
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Issue Date
2021-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

IEEE ROBOTICS AND AUTOMATION LETTERS, v.6, no.4, pp.7233 - 7239

ISSN
2377-3766
DOI
10.1109/LRA.2021.3095927
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/287023
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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