Significant energy relaxation of quantum dot emitted hot electrons

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Mesoscopic quantum dots (QDs) are ubiquitous in quantum devices as reliable sources of hot electrons. However, we have observed an unexpectedly significant energy relaxation of QD-emitted hot electrons up to approximate to 55% of its excitation <= 1.5 meV from the Fermi level. The energetics of hot electrons were obtained through transverse magnetic focusing over a few microns using both QD and quantum point contact (QPC) emitters. Unlike the QPC counterparts, QD emissions deviated substantially from Fermi gas predictions-the focusing peak appeared at lower magnetic fields, and excessive broadening was observed. The phenomenon was modeled by a capacitive interaction transferring energy from the hot electron to the QD. Model simulations reproduced the key experimental features, implying the presence of a strong yet overlooked relaxation mechanism that is intrinsic to QD emissions. Our observation calls for the prudent use of QDs as single electron sources.
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Issue Date
2021-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

PHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH, v.3, no.3, pp.033015

ISSN
2643-1564
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.033015
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/286771
Appears in Collection
PH-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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