A strip speaker using the traveling bending wave on a beam controlled by three actuators

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The inherent weakness of conventional panel speakers is the inevitable multi-modal vibration behavior, resulting in severe fluctuation in the radiated sound spectrum, which is detrimental to the sound quality. A panel speaker that is actively controlled by array actuators at the panel edges has been proposed as a solution to the problem, but the increased cost and complexity due to a large number of actuators remain a challenge. In this study, a panel speaker using a thin beam, called a strip speaker, that adopts only three actuators is proposed to alleviate the modal fluctuation problem. When the middle position of the beam is excited by the primary actuator, the propagated bending wave field there from is controlled by two actuators at either end of the beam that prevents reflection of the wave. To achieve this, the inverse problem is derived by using the transfer function between the actuators and the coefficients of the reflected waves, from which an appropriate gain of the two control actuators is obtained as the inverse solution. For validation, a thin beam with a size of 315 × 40 × 2 mm3 is tested by simulation and experiment. Peaky resonant responses are made to disappear by controlling the vibration field, and the input mobility of the primary actuator becomes like that of an infinite beam. The boundary of the beam, which is newly defined at the location of the control actuators, is converted into an anechoic termination. The effect of the beam material is also tested by comparing aluminum and acrylic beams. It is shown that the damping of the acrylic beam is favorable in resulting a flat response, but its effective frequency range is lowered from that of the aluminum beam. In the experiment, the control actuators near the ends of unknown boundary conditions are located at the position to minimize the total input power for control. The experimental results of the controlled vibration field and radiated sound spectrum agree well with the predicted characteristics. It is shown that the proposed strip speaker with the traveling wave control method can be used to produce excellent acoustic performance.
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Issue Date
2021-07
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

JOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION, v.504

ISSN
0022-460X
DOI
10.1016/j.jsv.2021.116136
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/285806
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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