Elucidating the Regulatory Elements for Transcription Termination and Posttranscriptional Processing in the Streptomyces clavuligerus Genome

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Identification of transcriptional regulatory elements in the GC-rich Streptomyces genome is essential for the production of novel biochemicals from secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters (smBGCs). Despite many efforts to understand the regulation of transcription initiation in smBGCs, information on the regulation of transcription termination and posttranscriptional processing remains scarce. In this study, we identified the transcriptional regulatory elements in beta-lactam antibiotic-producing Streptomyces clavuligerus ATCC 27064 by determining a total of 1,427 transcript 3'-end positions (TEPs) using the term-seq method. Termination of transcription was governed by three classes of TEPs, of which each displayed unique sequence features. The data integration with transcription start sites and transcriptome data generated 1,648 transcription units (TUs) and 610 transcription unit clusters (TUCs). TU architecture showed that the transcript abundance in TU isoforms of a TUC was potentially affected by the sequence context of their TEPs, suggesting that the regulatory elements of TEPs could control the transcription level in additional layers. We also identified TU features of a xenobiotic response element (XRE) family regulator and DUF397 domain-containing protein, particularly showing the abundance of bidirectional TEPs. Finally, we found that 189 noncoding TUs contained potential cis- and trans-regulatory elements that played a major role in regulating the 5' and 3' UTR. These findings highlight the role of transcriptional regulatory elements in transcription termination and posttranscriptional processing in Streptomyces sp. IMPORTANCE Streptomyces sp. is a great source of bioactive secondary metabolites, including antibiotics, antifungal agents, antiparasitic agents, immunosuppressant compounds, and other drugs. Secondary metabolites are synthesized via multistep conversions of the precursor molecules from primary metabolism, governed by multicomplex enzymes from secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters. As their production is closely related with the growth phase and dynamic cellular status in response to various intra- and extracellular signals, complex regulatory systems tightly control the gene expressions related to secondary metabolism. In this study, we determined genome-wide transcript 3'-end positions and transcription units in the beta-lactam antibiotic producer Streptomyces clavuligerus ATCC 27064 to elucidate the transcriptional regulatory elements in transcription termination and posttranscriptional processing by integration of multiomics data. These unique features, such as transcript 3'-end sequence, potential riboregulators, and potential 3'-untranslated region (UTR) cis-regulatory elements, can be potentially used to design engineering tools that can regulate the transcript abundance of genes for enhancing secondary metabolite production.
Publisher
AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
Issue Date
2021-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

MSYSTEMS, v.6, no.3

ISSN
2379-5077
DOI
10.1128/mSystems.01013-20
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/285587
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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