Electrokinetic-Driven Fast Ion Delivery for Reversible Aqueous Zinc Metal Batteries with High Capacity

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Aqueous zinc (Zn) metal batteries (ZMBs) are considered a promising candidate for grid-scale energy storage due to their freedom from fire hazards. However, a limited reversibility of Zn metal electrode caused by dendritic Zn growth has hindered the advent of high-capacity Zn metal batteries (>4 mAh cm(-2)). Herein, it is reported that fast electrokinetic Zn-ion transport extremely improves the Zn metal reversibility. It is revealed that a negatively charged porous layer (NPL) provides the electrokinetic Zn-ion transport by surface conduction, and consequently impedes the depletion of Zn-ion on electrode surface as indicated by numerical simulations and overlimiting current behavior. Due to the quick Zn-ion delivery, a dendrite-free and densely packed Zn metal deposit is accommodated inside its pores. With the introduction of the NPL, the cycling stability of Zn symmetric cell is enhanced by 21 times at 10 mA cm(-2)/10 mAh cm(-2). Average Coulombic efficiency of 99.6% is achieved over 500 cycles for electrodeposition/stripping at 30 mA cm(-2)/5 mAh cm(-2) on NPL-Cu electrode. Furthermore, a high-capacity Zn/V2O5 full cell with the NPL exhibits an extraordinary stability over 1000 cycles at a capacity of 4.8 mAh cm(-2).
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Issue Date
2021-05
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

SMALL, v.17, no.21, pp.2008059

ISSN
1613-6810
DOI
10.1002/smll.202008059
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/285507
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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