Ternary chalcogenide materials have attracted significant interest in recent years because of their unique physicochemical and optoelectronic properties without relying on precious metals, rare earth metals, or toxic elements. Copper molybdenum sulfide (Cu2MoS4, CMS) nanocube is a biocompatible ternary chalcogenide nanomaterial that exhibits near-infrared (NIR) photocatalytic activity based on its low band gap and electron-phonon coupling property. Here, we study the efficacy of CMS nanocubes for dissociating neurotoxic Alzheimer's beta-amyloid (A beta) aggregates under NIR light. The accumulation of A beta aggregates in the central nervous system is known to cause and exacerbate Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, clearance of the A beta aggregates from the central nervous system is a considerable challenge due to their robust structure formed through self-assembly via hydrogen bonding and side-chain interactions. Our spectroscopic and microscopic analysis results have demonstrated that NIR-excited CMS nanocubes effectively disassemble A beta fibrils by changing A beta fibril's nanoscopic morphology, secondary structure, and primary structure. We have revealed that the toxicity of A beta fibrils is alleviated by NIR-stimulated CMS nanocubes through in vitro analysis. Moreover, our ex vivo evaluations have suggested that the amount of A beta plaques in AD mouse's brain decreased significantly by NIR-excited CMS nanocubes without causing any macroscopic damage to the brain tissue. Collectively, this study suggests the potential use of CMS nanocubes as a therapeutic ternary chalcogenide material to alleviate AD in the future.