Extraordinary dendrite-free Li deposition on highly uniform facet wrinkled Cu substrates in carbonate electrolytes

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Despite much research focused on lithium (Li) metal batteries, an important issue concerning Li-dendrite growth on the anode remains unresolved. The intrinsic mechanism of this Li-dendrite formation is related to the nonuniform distribution of Li-ion flux on the anode in charge/discharge caused by irregular structure and energy of anode surface. Here we report upon dendrite-free Li-deposition in a carbonate-based electrolyte using a novel Cu anode structure with sharp wrinkles and a [100] crystal facet. This uniform Li-deposition resulted in longterm electrochemical cyclability in Li/Cu and LiFePO4/Li cell. Our observations revealed that the wrinkled Cu surface and the unifying [100] crystal facet play important roles in enhancing the uniformity of the Li-ion flux and the adsorption energy of the Li-ions on Cu, respectively. We expect that this study will permit the use of a wide range of wrinkled structures and crystal planes to obtain high-energy and long-term cycles of Li-metal batteries.
Publisher
ELSEVIER
Issue Date
2021-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NANO ENERGY, v.82, pp.105736

ISSN
2211-2855
DOI
10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.105736
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/282541
Appears in Collection
CBE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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