Removal of Trans-2-nonenal Using Hen Egg White Lysosomal-Related Enzymes

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2-Nonenal is a long-chain aliphatic aldehyde containing nine carbons and an unsaturated bond. 2-Nonenal is the primary cause of odor associated with aging, with an unpleasant greasy and grassy odor. Lysosome, mitochondria, and peroxisome are significant organelles in eukaryotic cells that contain various hydrolases that degrade biomolecules. Proteins in mitochondria and peroxisome also contain aldehyde dehydrogenase. We performed trans-2-nonenal treatment using lysosomal-related enzymes extracted from hen egg white (HEW). As trans-2-nonenal is more structurally stable than cis-2-nonenal, it was selected as the target aldehyde. HEW contains various biologically active proteins and materials such as albumin, ovotransferrin, lysosome, peroxisome, and mitochondria. Here, complementary experiments were conducted to evaluate the role of lysosomal-related enzymes in the treatment of trans-2-nonenal. The activity of lysosomal-related enzymes was confirmed via antimicrobial test againstE. coli. HPLC analysis was used to determine the reduction of trans-2-nonenal. The trans-2-nonenal treatment depended on the reaction time and enzyme concentration. Materials considered as an intermediate from trans-2-nonenal treatment were detected by GC/MS spectrometer. Under acidic conditions (pH 6), lysosomal-related enzymes were the most efficient in the treatment of trans-2-nonenal. Furthermore, based on differential pH testing, we found the conditions under which all the 50 ppm trans-2-nonenal was removed. Therefore, our results suggest that the lysosomal-related enzymes reduced trans-2-nonenal, suggesting clinical application as anti-aging deodorants.
Publisher
HUMANA PRESS INC
Issue Date
2020-08
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY, v.62, no.8, pp.380 - 386

ISSN
1073-6085
DOI
10.1007/s12033-020-00256-w
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/281952
Appears in Collection
BS-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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