Effect of electric field on primary dark pulses in SPADs for advanced radiation detection applications

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In this paper, the single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) featuring three different p-well implantation doses (circle divide(p-well)) of 5.0 x 10(12), 4.0 x 10(12), and 3.0 x 10(12) atoms/cm(2) under the identical device layouts were fabricated and characterized to evaluate the effects of field enhanced mechanisms on primary dark pulses due to the maximum electric field. From the I-V curves, the breakdown voltages were found as 23.2 V, 40.5 V, and 63.1 V with decreasing circle divide(p-well), respectively. By measuring DCRs as a function of temperature, we found a reduction of approximately 8% in the maximum electric field lead to a nearly 72% decrease in the DCR at V-ex = 5 V and T = 25 degrees C. Also, the activation energy increased from 0.43 eV to 0.50 eV, as decreasing the maximum electric field. Finally, we discuss the importance of electric field engineering in reducing the field-enhanced mechanisms contributing to the DCR in SPADs and the benefits on the SPADs related to different types of radiation detection applications. (c) 2020 Korean Nuclear Society, Published by Elsevier Korea LLC. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Publisher
KOREAN NUCLEAR SOC
Issue Date
2021-02
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, v.53, no.2, pp.618 - 625

ISSN
1738-5733
DOI
10.1016/j.net.2020.07.006
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/281479
Appears in Collection
NE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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