Roles of adiponectin in regulation of breast cancer cell metastasis = Adiponectin이 유방암 세포의 전이 기전에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

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A growing body of evidence suggests that low serum level of adiponectin is a high risk factor for various cancers including prostate, colorectal, endometrial, and breast cancer. However, little is known about the molecular mechanism by which adiponectin inhibits proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells. Therefore, the expression levels of metastasis-associated genes such as urokinase-type plasminogen activator, matrix metalloprotease 2 and 9 were examined. These metastasis-associated genes were suppressed and the activities of these proteins were also decreased by the treatment of adiponectin while the level of metastasis suppressor gene, tissue inhibitor of MMP1, was significantly increased in human breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. To elucidate signaling pathway underlying adiponectin-mediated the suppression of breast cancer cell metastasis, the phosphorylation levels of AKT was examined because AKT plays a critical role in the regulation of MMP expression. The phosphorylated AKT levels were dramatically decreased while AMPK phosphorylation was conversely greatly increased by the treatment of adiponectin. These results suggest that the activated AMPK increases activity of a protein phosphatase, which decreases AKT phosphorylation. The adiponectin-induced AMPK activation was markedly increased PP2A activity, leading to the dephosphorylation of AKT. Taken together, these results showed that adiponectin-activated AMPK increased the activity of PP2A and that the activated PP2A-induced AKT dephosphorylation was underlying mechanism by which adiponectin suppresses the expression of metastasis associated genes.
Advisors
Kim, Eun-Joonresearcher김은준researcherYang, Youngresearcher양영researcher
Description
한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과,
Publisher
한국과학기술원
Issue Date
2007
Identifier
310377/325007  / 020045809
Language
eng
Description

학위논문(박사) - 한국과학기술원 : 생명과학과, 2007.8, [ vii, 104 p. ]

Keywords

Adiponectin; breast cancer; metastasis; 아디포넥틴; 유방암; 전이; Adiponectin; breast cancer; metastasis; 아디포넥틴; 유방암; 전이

URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/27665
Link
http://library.kaist.ac.kr/search/detail/view.do?bibCtrlNo=310377&flag=dissertation
Appears in Collection
BS-Theses_Ph.D.(박사논문)
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