A New era of water treatment technologies: 3D printing for membranes

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The commercialization of sustainable 3D printing technology changed the face of manufacturing with its precise and uniform sustainable fabrication. Therefore, like other fields of science, research related to water treatment membranes has adopted this technology successfully, preventing the waste of huge amounts of solvents and thus reducing the high carbon emissions caused by fabrication. Currently, critical research is being conducted in relation to the membrane modules and the fabrication of the membranes themselves. The module studies focus primarily on spacer production and the membrane studies are mostly concerned with the membrane surface. The membrane surface research has successfully adapted inkjet printing for enhanced surface properties for high selectivity and fouling resistance through the printing of nano-materials on the membranes’ surfaces. Recently, 3D printing of the polymer membrane support or 3D printing-based interfacial polymerization has also been introduced into water treatment technologies. Since fouling resistance, selectivity and water permeability are the critical factors, many of the parameters can be controlled by the assistance of bespoke and precise 3D printing fabrication. In this study, we examine key aspects of technology which may shed light on future studies regarding 3D printed water treatment membranes and we review the critical developments to date.
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Issue Date
2020-11
Language
English
Article Type
Review
Citation

JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL AND ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY, v.91, pp.1 - 14

ISSN
1226-086X
DOI
10.1016/j.jiec.2020.07.043
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/276648
Appears in Collection
CE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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