Laser-induced reduced-graphene-oxide micro-optics patterned by femtosecond laser direct writing

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Direct laser writing has emerged as a promising technology for facile and cost-effective single-step manufacturing of laser-induced reduced-graphene-oxide (LIRGO). Since LIRGO's optical properties can be controlled during photoreduction process, laser-patterned micro-optics can work as light-weight diffractive optical elements over conventional bulk refractive optics. Here, we present ultra-thin diffractive LIRGO micro-optics patterned by femtosecond laser direct writing (FsLDW) with high spatial resolution and wide design flexibility based on the wide parametric tunability of femtosecond pulsed lasers over conventional continuous-wave or long-pulsed lasers. By extensive parametric control of average power (10-120 mW), pulse repetition rate (1-500 kHz) and scan speed (1-100 mm/s) in FsLDW, ultra-thin micro-optics were patterned at three patterning regimes: non-thermal photoreduction regime, thermal photoreduction regime, and ablation regime. The optical performances of Fresnel zone plates (FZP) fabricated under the three regimes were evaluated and compared; the results were 0.7%, 2.4%, and 3.8% for focusing efficiency, 12.2 mu m, 13.2 mu m, and 12 mu m for focal spot size, 1.39 mm, 1.89 mm, and 1.77 mm for depth-of-focus for FZPs designed to 15 mm focal length with 10 concentric rings. This fabrication technique provides wide design flexibility to various planar LIRGO micro-optics for microfluidics, lab-on-a-chip, skin-attachable biomedical imaging, and micro photonic devices.
Publisher
ELSEVIER
Issue Date
2020-10
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, v.526, pp.146647

ISSN
0169-4332
DOI
10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.146647
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/276627
Appears in Collection
ME-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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