The quest for highly sensitive and specific detection of disease biomarkers is high, despite many advances in analysis system. Here, we present a sensitive immunoassay platform using DNA-tethered gold nanoparticles and DNA-binding zinc fingers (ZFs). Monomeric alkaline phosphatase (mAP) and human TNF-alpha were employed as a signal generator and a disease biomarker, respectively. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were first grafted with double-stranded DNAs having specific sequences for two different types of ZFs (QNK and zif268). The alkaline phosphatase and TNF-alpha-specific protein binder were genetically fused to each of two different types of ZFs, respectively, followed by conjugation with the DNA-tethered AuNPs in a sequence-specific manner. The use of the functionalized AuNPs as a signal generator in a colorimetric immunoassay of TNF-alpha led to LOD of 120 pg/ml, showing about 161-fold higher sensitivity than a protein binder-fused mAP. The present immunoassay platform could be applied to other analytes by simply replacing a targeting moiety, allowing a versatile and reproducible colorimetric immunoassay.