A Bayesian nonparametric mixture measurement error model with application to spatial density estimation using mobile positioning data with multi-accuracy and multi-coverage

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The development of mobile network technologies has made it possible to collect location data of mobile devices through various positioning technologies. The location data can be used to estimate the spatial density of mobile devices, which in turn can be used by mobile service providers to plan for network capacity improvements. The two most prevalent positioning technologies are the assisted global positioning system (AGPS) and cell tower triangulation (CTT) methods. AGPS data provide more accurate location information than CTT data but can cover only a fraction of mobile devices, while CTT data can cover all mobile devices. Motivated by this problem, we propose a Bayesian nonparametric mixture measurement error model to estimate the spatial density function by integrating both noise-free data (i.e., AGPS data) and data contaminated with measurement errors (i.e., CTT data). The proposed model estimates the true latent locations from contaminated data, and the estimated latent locations, combined with noise-free data, are used to infer the model parameters. We model the true density function using a Dirichlet process (DP) mixture model with a bivariate beta distribution for the mixture kernel and a DP prior for the mixing distribution. The use of bivariate beta distributions for the mixture kernel allows the density function to have various shapes with a bounded support. Moreover, the use of a DP prior for the mixing distribution allows the number of mixture components to be determined automatically without being specified in advance. Therefore, the proposed model is very flexible. We demonstrate the effective performance of the proposed model via simulated and real-data examples.
Publisher
AMER STATISTICAL ASSOC
Issue Date
2020-04
Language
English
Article Type
Article
Citation

TECHNOMETRICS, v.62, no.2, pp.173 - 183

ISSN
0040-1706
DOI
10.1080/00401706.2019.1617194
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10203/274587
Appears in Collection
IE-Journal Papers(저널논문)
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